Although ultrasound was initially discovered in the 1800s, medical ultrasound was not introduced as a functional application until the 1950s. Today, ultrasound scans are most often found in the obstetric setting but are practical in a number of other medical areas as well. The safety and ease of use has made these machines a lasting diagnostic tool in the medical community.
History of the Medical Ultrasound
Two men are touted to be the founding fathers for traditional medical ultrasonography. Austrian Dr. Karl Theodore Dussik first used ultrasound to diagnose a brain tumour. Dr. Karl then published his findings, the initial published article about medical ultrasound, in 1942. Some 15 years later, Professor Ian Donald developed the ultrasound machine, that used current technology for the time. This machine was initially tested in 1957 and then applied to the initial pregnant woman in 1958.
How does it work?
An ultrasound scan produces pictures by using sound waves. These waves bounce off the tissues in the body and back as much as the transducer to be able to produce the black-and-white picture on some type of computer screen.
Who can perform an Ultrasound?
Only those who are licensed as ultrasound technicians can perform one of these brilliant scans. Physicians may also be permitted to perform an ultrasound while they received every one of the necessary training during schooling.
Where on the human body can Ultrasound be properly used?
Ultrasounds are most often found in obstetric applications to diagnose gestational age, estimate foetal weight and health, determine placental placement in the uterus and help with diagnostic testing such as for instance amniocentesis 4d scan. The medical ultrasound has a number of other applications as well. It can be utilized to see anomalies in the abdomen, urinary tract, thyroid, breasts, heart and circulatory system.
How safe can be an Ultrasound?
Ultrasound is found in a number of medical applications because it’s non-invasive and offers basically no risk to the patient. Ultrasound does create a little bit of heat during the particular test. This heat is general no more than one degree centigrade and is dissipated by the human body rather easily.
Many studies have now been conducted to examine the effects of ultrasound on a foetus after birth. One such study was conducted by the University of Western Australia. In this study, foetuses were confronted with as many as five different ultrasound tests through the gestational period. The end result of the study is that there is no developmental or physical influence on a child.
Ultrasound scans are a tool useful for diagnostic purposes in the medical community. Because of this, patients shouldn’t forget to ask questions. If something has not been told the satisfaction of the individual and/or family, request an alternative explanation or extra information from another healthcare practitioner.
Since ultrasound was initially found in the medical community it has been one of the very widely used items of diagnostic equipment still to the day. Ultrasound is quite versatile and non-invasive which makes it highly popular amongst healthcare practitioners. There’s without any risk to the individual who receives an ultrasound and no negative effects on a foetus.